A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, in full Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, (conceived October 15, 1931, Rameswaram, India—kicked the bucket July 27, 2015, Shillong), Indian researcher and legislator who assumed a main job in the advancement of India’s rocket and atomic weapons programs. He was leader of India from 2002 to 2007.
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Kalam earned a degree in aeronautical building from the Madras Institute of Technology and in 1958 joined the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO).
He before long moved to the Indian Space Research Organization, where he was venture chief of the SLV-III, India’s first indigenously planned and delivered satellite dispatch vehicle. Rejoining DRDO in 1982, Kalam arranged the program that created various effective rockets, which helped earned him the moniker “Rocket Man.”